What is Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt?

The Open Concavity Tina Siuagan case digest
Image by witwiccan from Pixabay

The Supreme Court, in Del Castillo vs. People, defined proof beyond reasonable doubt in this wise:

Proof beyond reasonable doubt, or that quantum of proof sufficient to produce a moral certainty that would convince and satisfy the conscience of those who act in judgment, is indispensable to overcome the constitutional presumption of innocence.

In all criminal prosecutions, our Philippine Constitution accords every accused the presumption of innocence. This may only be overthrown by proof beyond reasonable doubt, which is the quantum of evidence required in all criminal cases.

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