What is Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt?

The Supreme Court, in Del Castillo vs. People, defined proof beyond reasonable doubt in this wise: Proof beyond reasonable doubt, or that quantum of proof sufficient to produce a moral certainty that would convince and satisfy the conscience of those who act in judgment, is indispensable to overcome the constitutional presumption of innocence. In all criminal prosecutions, our …

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Miguel vs. Sandiganbayan (GR. NO. 172035)

Since a pre-suspension hearing is basically a due process requirement, when an accused public official is given an adequate opportunity to be heard on his possible defenses against the mandatory suspension under R.A. No. 3019, then an accused would have no reason to complain that no actual hearing was conducted. It is well settled that …

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Villareal vs. People (GR. No. 151258)

In light of the finding of violation of the right of Escalona et al. to speedy trial, the CA’s dismissal of the criminal case against them amounted to an acquittal, and that any appeal or reconsideration thereof would result in a violation of their right against double jeopardy. Though we have recognized that the acquittal of the …

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People vs. Lara (G.R. No. 199877)

The right to be assisted by counsel attaches only during custodial investigation and cannot be claimed by the accused during identification in a police line-up because it is not part of the custodial investigation process. This is because during a police line-up, the process has not yet shifted from investigatory to accusatory and it is usually …

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People vs. Ayson (G.R. No. 85215)

In fine, a person suspected of having committed a crime and subsequently charged with its commission in court, has the following rights in the matter of his testifying or producing evidence, to wit: 1) BEFORE THE CASE IS FILED IN COURT (or with the public prosecutor, for preliminary investigation), but after having been taken into …

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Congratulations, our new Arellano Lawyers! Hail to the Chiefs!

The 2018 Philippine Bar Examination Results went out yesterday, 3 May 2019. After almost six months of grueling anticipation, bar examinees of said year had finally known the "verdict" -- the result that, for most of them, might make or break them. According to news sources, only one thousand eight hundred (1800), out of eight …

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Republic vs. Gimenez (G.R. No. 174673)

Although trial courts are enjoined to observe strict enforcement of the rules of evidence, in connection with evidence which may appear to be of doubtful relevancy, incompetency, or admissibility, we have held that: '[I]t is the safest policy to be liberal, not rejecting them on doubtful or technical grounds, but admitting them unless plainly irrelevant, …

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Law School Realization: The Silver Lining From A Long Law School Exam

Every cloud has a silver lining, so as long exams. A couple of days ago, one of my law professors gave us a take-home personal assessment (PA) exam which seeks to test our grasp or understanding of labor laws, doctrines, and concepts. My classmates who had him as a professor for this semester was quite …

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