Del Castillo vs. People (G.R. No. 185128)

In considering a criminal case, it is critical to start with the law’s own starting perspective on the status of the accused – in all criminal prosecutions, he is presumed innocent of the charge laid unless the contrary is proven beyond reasonable doubt.   FACTS Pursuant to a confidential information that Ruben Del Castillo (petitioner) …

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Miguel vs. Sandiganbayan (GR. NO. 172035)

Since a pre-suspension hearing is basically a due process requirement, when an accused public official is given an adequate opportunity to be heard on his possible defenses against the mandatory suspension under R.A. No. 3019, then an accused would have no reason to complain that no actual hearing was conducted. It is well settled that …

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Villareal vs. People (GR. No. 151258)

In light of the finding of violation of the right of Escalona et al. to speedy trial, the CA’s dismissal of the criminal case against them amounted to an acquittal, and that any appeal or reconsideration thereof would result in a violation of their right against double jeopardy. Though we have recognized that the acquittal of the …

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People vs. Lara (G.R. No. 199877)

The right to be assisted by counsel attaches only during custodial investigation and cannot be claimed by the accused during identification in a police line-up because it is not part of the custodial investigation process. This is because during a police line-up, the process has not yet shifted from investigatory to accusatory and it is usually …

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People vs. Ayson (G.R. No. 85215)

In fine, a person suspected of having committed a crime and subsequently charged with its commission in court, has the following rights in the matter of his testifying or producing evidence, to wit: 1) BEFORE THE CASE IS FILED IN COURT (or with the public prosecutor, for preliminary investigation), but after having been taken into …

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Republic vs. Gimenez (G.R. No. 174673)

Although trial courts are enjoined to observe strict enforcement of the rules of evidence, in connection with evidence which may appear to be of doubtful relevancy, incompetency, or admissibility, we have held that: '[I]t is the safest policy to be liberal, not rejecting them on doubtful or technical grounds, but admitting them unless plainly irrelevant, …

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Green Star Express, Inc. and Fruto Sayson, Jr., vs. Nissin-Universal Robina Corporation (G.R. No. 181517)

It is a well-established rule that the rules on service of summons upon a domestic private juridical entity must be strictly complied with. Otherwise, the court cannot be said to have acquired jurisdiction over the person of the defendant. Notably, under the new Rules, service of summons upon an agent of the corporation is no …

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